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Backgrounder: China's achievements under leadership of CPC in past 10 years
2012-11-07 00:11


   BEIJING, Nov. 6 (Xinhua) -- China, under the leadership of the CPC Central Committee, has made a series of social and economic achievements during the past 10 years.

  The CPC Central leadership, with Hu Jintao as the general secretary, has faced opportunities and challenges as well complicated circumstances both at home and abroad.

  The past 10 years was a decade that was featured with ideological emancipation, reforms and opening-up, and continuously striving for the overall building of a prosperous society. In the period, China has entered a new stage in its socialist modernization and Chinese society has witnessed new, profound historic changes.

  When Hu took over as the general secretary of the CPC Central Committee 10 years ago, at the 16th Party Congress, the new leadership made the country's development as its primary job. It focused on how to deal with problems like uncoordinated economic and social development, the growing pressure of resources and environment, as well as the growing income gap, the accumulation of contradictions, environmental pollution, and resources.

  In the period, China has achieved coordinated development between urban and rural areas, in economic and social fields, between humans and the nature, between domestic development and opening-up to the outside world. The country has made simultaneous progress in economic, political, cultural, social and bioenvironmental areas.

  The Party leadership has taken Deng Xiaoping Theory, the Important Thought of Three Represents and scientific concept of development as its guiding ideology.

  Over the past 10 years, China has achieved average yearly economic growth of 10.7 percent, far above the world's 3.9 percent in the same period. The country has taken second place in the world's GDP rally, with an average per-capita annual GDP of 5,432 U.S dollars, up from 1,135 U.S. dollars in 2002.

  In the meantime, China has made enormous achievements in different fields, such as lifting the urbanization rate to over 50 percent from less than 40 percent, completing the Three Gorges Project and the Qinghai-Tibet Railway, the hosting of the Beijing Olympic Games in 2008 and the Shanghai World Expo in 2010, and conducting manned space journeys and manned deep-sea expeditions.

  Over the past 10 years, China has experienced a series of major disasters and unexpected incidents. These include the outbreak of SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) in 2003, the catastrophic earthquake that took place in southwest China's Sichuan Province and its neighboring areas in 2008, the separatist unrests in Tibet and Xinjiang autonomous regions, and the global financial crisis.

  To deal with the world financial crisis several years ago, the CPC and the Central Government had launched a package of resolutions. These include giving subsidies to the sale of electric home appliances in the countryside, tax reforms, and four trillion yuan (634 billion U.S. dollars)investment by central and local governments. Decisions were also made to revive 10 industries, which helped the country to gain a V-turn in its economic development by then end of 2009.

  In the past 10 years, the Party leadership has attached great importance to people's health and welfare. Now, more than 1.3 billion Chinese, both urbanites and rurals, have been covered with medical insurance.

  From 2003 through 2011, the government has poured 16.47 trillion yuan (2.54 trillion U.S. dollars) into areas closely related to people's welfare, including education, health, social security, employment, and housing for low-income families.

  In the period, the relations between China and the outside world have witnessed profound changes.

  China hosted the Beijing Summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation in November 2006, at which President Hu Jintao met with leaders from 48 African nations. The event opened a new chapter in cooperation between the world's largest developing country and the continent with the largest number of developing countries.

  Amid the world financial crisis, Hu attended the first summit between leaders of G-20 nations in November 2008, calling for joint efforts to overcome difficulties at that time.

  China carried out the largest evacuation of Chinese nationals from the war-torn Libya in February and March last year.

  China, now the world's second largest economic power, has played a big role in world affairs over the past decade. It sent warships to protect Chinese and foreign cargo vessels over sea areas plighted with pirates. In June 2012, it pumped an additional 43 billion U.S. dollars into the capital pool of the International Monetary Fund.

  Meanwhile, the Chinese have taken substantial steps in safeguarding its territorial lands and waters, while resolutely curbing the activities of separatist forces.

  Furthermore, the Party has stepped up its efforts in fighting corruption. Between November 2007 and June this year, the country's disciplinary and inspection departments have handled over 640,000 cases and transferred over 24,000 people to judicial departments.

  The CPC has vowed to usher in a more prosperous society in China by 2021 when the Party turns 100 years old. In addition, it has vowed to turn China into a modernized socialist nation being rich, democratic, civic and harmonious by 2049, the year the People's Republic of China celebrates its 100th anniversary.


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